The Princess Of Wales & The Coalman
Princess Augusta of Saxe Gotha right
in kilt, the Third Earl Of Bute, a well connected Tory aristocrat was Augusta’s lover. Bute became a second father to the future Mad King George 3rd. Bute had married a millionairess, Mary Montagu, who’s fortune came from coalmining. The treasure chest (read Treasury) shows he had an eye on much larger fortunes.
The Earl’s mine owning pals would become Mad King George’s pals.
became Princess Of Wales and Mad King George's mum.
We can thank this particular Princess Of Wales for London's marvellous Kew Gardens. Augusta's interest in rare plants led to the world's largest and finest collection. When her husband Frederick, Prince of Wales died, 1751, it became known John Stuart,
1700 - 1900
Coal carts like this one earned a fortune for the royals.
Coal mine owners, the royals and their landed pals, were termed ‘Hostmen.’ Hostmen held annual secret meetings to fix the price of coal. Illegal price fixing by mine owners was smugly termed ‘Putting Out.’
Five & six-year-olds forced to mine the coal were literally worked to death, harnessed to coal trucks in tunnels to low for pit ponies.
Children who worked down coal and iron mines and in factories became the
property of their employer. When a mine or factory was sold the children were sold on to the next
owner as Works Equipment.
Everything the present Queen is doing illustrates
how she longs to see children once again listed as Works Equipment.
Jan. 1770, the London Gazette reported. 'The King's taxes' on imported goods, (French wine, China tea, Dutch lace, ect.,) 'are making smuggling England's most profitable enterprise.'
China Tea had arrived in England as a cure-all herbal-medicine. Pinkie-wiggling gossip-greedy Georgian ladies made Tea Party’s a daily habit. Tea importers, mainly House of Lords syndicates, cashed in on 'the fashion' by rising the price.
George 3, never one to miss an opportunity, added a heavy tax. This led to a roaring trade in smuggled tea.
On Chinese docksides, tea cost no more than 1/- (5p) per pound. In British and American shops the price was £1 per pound! Smugglers (Owlers) halved the price and still made an outrageous profit.
Nov. 1771. The London Gazette records. ‘Kent beaches reek of fresh tea... Certain ladies openly display their Owlers tea in solid silver tea-caddy’s.’ "Certain ladies" were those who supported the Whig Party. The Kings sworn enemies. Dec. 1772. East India Dock warehouses accumulated fifteen million pounds of aging tea. The syndicates were forced to drop their price by 50%. The King insisted the tax stayed in place. American colonists saw this as a part of a larger plan to increase taxes.
In Georgian Times members of the Tory and Whig party's rarely spoke to each other and often came to fisticuffs when they met in the street! Leading politicians were obliged to hire ruffians to watch their backs.
New York and Philadelphia refused to unload ‘The King’s Stale Tea.’ Harbour Guards ordered syndicate ships back to London.
Harbour Masters were accused (quite rightly) of taking brown-envelope’s from English, French and Dutch tea smugglers.
In Charleston, Carolina, the cut-price tea was dumped in damp dock-side cellars, where it very soon rotted. Colonists in Boston, Massachusetts dressed-up as Mohawk Indians. Wearing war-paint and feather-headdresses they danced, yelling and whooping into the harbour and onto syndicate ships. Harbour guards turned a blind eye as ‘The Boston Tea Party’ emptied 340 tea chests overboard.
George 3, heavily invested in tea, decided to teach his uppity colonists a lesson. He sent the Royal Navy to close the Port of Boston. The King demanded £15,000 compensation, for the lost tea.
The colonists gave him a war which would lead to America declaring Independence. France and Spain fought alongside the colonists. ‘In The Name Of Liberty.’ George 3 sent regiments of his bloodthirsty German mercenaries along with the British Army to regain control of America.
The Window TaxOne of many extra taxes King George 3 imposed to finance war on his own colonists was the Window Tax.
People protested by having their windows bricked-up.
Another new tax, the Servant Tax, led to job cuts.
The Monarchy often impose
outrageous taxes through the Monarch's Parliament.
Royal Dockyards Plymouth & Portsmouth
Timber for the Royal Dockyards and Royal Navy came from royal forests
Landowner’s (the royals and their pals) controlled the price of Britain’s iron, wood & coal, and the delivery of same, through their placemen in Parliament.
Then as now, would-be suppliers had to obtain Crown License to deliver strategic commodities. Then as now Parliament only awarded contracts to Crown cronies.
The Adelphi Coal & Timber Wharf, London
Coal ships (colliers) were the pride of English shipyards. They came in all shapes and sizes. Captain Blyth’s Bounty was a retired collier. Captain Cook ordered Whitby built colliers to circumnavigate the world (1772-5).
As world trade blossomed London became the worlds richest port. The City Of London grew ever larger. Coal from every British coalfield found it’s way up the river Thames.
1760-70. Four hundred colliers held Crown Licenses to deliver coal to London from Tyneside coalfields - alone. Nothing moved without Crown Approval.
In the process of hoarding gold & silver the first four George's forged the family links with Rothschilds et al and perfected the criminal art of offshore banking.
so-called "royal" family's offshore fortune grew so did their ability to buy piss-poor-politicians by the
Top Georgian England